The allocation of allowances proposed by the government is only preliminary as they need to be further verified and approved by the European Commission. An administrative act may be challenged, according to an administrative procedure, to the immediately superior administrative authority. Most were associated with a cable television network run by the same parent company. Criticism The Press Council and the Codex were introduced as means of self-regulation to avoid the creation of a binding nation-wide press law. New moments in the recently adopted Waste Management Act are the refining of the obligations of waste holders to ensure adequate treatment in a way that does not negatively affect the environment and human health. Relevant case law is considered throughout, as are various ethical codes. The Law on Radio and Television establishes only a general principle that a media licensing application must comply with the competition protection legislation.
Exceptions are internal waters, territorial sea and mineral waters, which are exclusive state property. The main purpose of the system is to ensure measures for preventing or decreasing the emission of harmful and hazardous substances into the atmosphere, the water and the soil, together with measures for avoiding waste generation and for waste management. If a company has caused pollution and has thereafter undergone corporate reorganisation, the legal entities succeeding the company would be jointly and severally liable together with their predecessor. In 2010, a new draft law on electronic media was discussed and the Commission for the Protection of Competition issued an opinion assessing the compliance of the proposal with the Protection of Competition Act. Claims for damages under civil law are subject to a five-year statute of limitation period, beginning as of the knowledge of the damage and the polluter. With respect to environmental administrative liability, no administrative penal proceedings may be initiated if a statement of establishment of the violation has not been issued within three months following the detection of the offender, or if two years have elapsed since the offence was committed. In ' World Press Freedom Index, Bulgaria is ranked 106th, with a score of 32.
According to experts, effective measures for ensuring media pluralism should not be limited to self-regulation measures, but include the introduction of a body in charge of conducting non-economic analysis to assess the influence of media outlets. Ljubljana,: Peace Institute, Institute for Contemporary Social and Political Studies. It also has to say that — despite the negative aspects mentioned — the self-regulation through the Press Codex seems to work. If no polluter can be found, the current property owner is responsible for the clean-up. Experience in audit at one of the Big Four consulting firms will be a great plus.
With election campaigning already underway in a desultory, somewhat guerrilla fashion, steadily-raising temperatures would make sensible debate on a print media law more difficult than usual, and that comes on top of the fact that Bulgarian politicians would find little to like about any newspaper, with the exception of those that fawn on one party or politician or another. The special Act on Protection Against the Harmful Impact of Chemical Substances and Preparations provides the main rules and respective procedures with regard to trade, market distribution, use and storage of chemical substances and preparations, biocide products and persistent organic pollutants. You must be fluent in English, spoken and written language skills , and you must have an outgoing, dynamic personality. They say that after one failed search for a new radio director, the council has proven itself unable to fulfill its duties. Also, persons who distribute or place liquid fuel on the market are subject to strengthening controls. The control of, management of and requirements for substances harmful to the ozone layer provided in government Decree No.
Thus, the federal countries need to introduce special programmes and institutions to foster the people's understanding of media and their individual and self-determined usage. The company in the name and on behalf of which the directors or officers are acting shall be liable to compensate the aggrieved party. This applies especially to the publishing of opinion polls and their results. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances. A dominant position in this sector impedes the fair distribution of small publishers' works.
Current Bulgarian legislation contains the same kinds of provisions now being called for in the Czech Republic after a crisis over alleged political influence on public television. Retrieved on 29 June 2013. The law provides that the activities with non-hazardous ferrous and non-ferrous metals shall be performed only at sites that are located in areas designated for production and storage activities under general zoning plans, at ports for public transport with national and regional significance and at objects of national railway infrastructure for economic purpose. The Court stated that, in such cases, the journalist could not be considered to have acted with intent or negligently. When applying for a license in the broadcasting sector, the applicant is required to submit a declaration showing who the owners are and what their shares are, including document showing the origin of the capital for the last three years. The competent authority is the administrative court or the Supreme Administrative Court. Furthermore, the environmental due diligence should be focused on past contamination on the target company's property as well as caused contamination of other neighbouring or previously owned properties.
Journalism does not necessarily need to be emotionless — however, the press codex tells journalists not to portray stories, especially in concerning crime reporting, in a sensational way. It provides for a range of mandatory laboratory tests to identify any potentially dangerous properties of the substance. Soft censorship, or indirect censorship, is defined as any official actions aiming at influencing media output, short of legal or extralegal bans, direct censorship, or physical attacks on media outlets and media professionals. It is not allowed to quote people with something they did not say exactly. Media concentration is an issue and ownership transparency is lacking. The plenum works as the general assembly of the Press Council and is also the official mouthpiece of council and the institutional voice of German press in general.
Also, the information disclosed showed that the same bank hosted a considerable amount of budget money of several ministers as well as bank accounts of relevant state-owned companies operating in the field of energy, public transport, defence and information service. As for print media, the sector is not regulated by law so there are no rules related to competition either. However, such measures are not endorsed on political level. All operators of installations that have received a permit are required to provide to the responsible authority a monitoring plan and annual monitoring report on emissions released from the installation during the preceding year. Such property includes the seashore, beaches and waters.
Statutory defences There are no specific defences for defamation in the Law of Obligations and Contracts. Under Bulgarian legislation, both fresh water and seawater and their associated land may be publicly or privately owned. The strategic noise maps are subject to review and revision if necessary every five years after the date of their approval by the competent authorities. No personal liability exists for shareholders in the event of contamination caused by the company. The New Bulgarian Media Group, deemed close to the Turkish-minority party emerged in 2007 and got own Monitor, Express, Telegraph dailies , Politika, Weekend, Meridian Match weeklies , the Borba newspaper and a publishing house in the city of. The information contained in this database is for informational and advocacy purposes only.
To give this media foundation the biggest independence possible, they used the federal media law to make it part of the federal media agency, using public broadcasting money to finance it. However, Peevsky, after who the law is named, has himself been criticised for not declaring a conflict of interest related to his own media assets. The Commission stated that in evaluating the risk of concentration it relies solely on an economic analysis, checking only the market share of the respective media, as well as audience share and advertising market share. The National Trust Eco Fund has thereby been assigned as the leading authority in the implementation of this scheme. An introduction describing the main actors and salient aspects of media markets is followed by in-depth analyses of print media, radio and television broadcasting, the Internet, commercial communications, political advertising, concentration in media markets, and media regulation. In principle, the plant must comply with the conditions for emission limitations provided in the permit.