He concludes that the attribution of specific meanings to individual elements is of limited application, while the impact of the shields lies in variation itself, the perceptual affects shields have on viewers, and in abstract geometric characteristics that make them fit for ritual purpose. Kinship institutions are real enough, but the distinction between genealogical and classificatory relations is often unimportant; all that matters in the end is that the arrangements entered into between clans and houses permit both biological and social reproduction, and that the latter ultimately serves the former. Using examples of meat-skewers, outboard motors, coconut graters, and sago-processing devices, together with certain forms of biological life such as fungi and algae, I demonstrate how Nuaulu ideas of what is animate and agentive are always fuzzy and contingent, and that by combining data from different kinds of ethnographic context, using different elicitation procedures, a more complex picture emerges. Publications Showing 50 of 112 total publications in the Kent Academic Repository. The viability of present trends are evaluated. I hope it will be as enjoyable to the reader as it was to me working on it. Roy Ellen commented that: At its earliest and most rudimentary, this comprised listing the names and uses of plants and animals in native non-Western or 'traditional' populations often in the context of salvage ethnography.
Cassava diversity and toxicity in relation to environmental degradation: a feature of food security in the Moluccas, Indonesia. His numerous and varied publications include Environment, Subsistence and System Cambridge University Press, 1982 , The Cultural Relations of Classification Cambridge University Press, 1993 , and most recently, Berghahn Books, 2005. Ellen recognises that individual subsistence techniques differ among particular populations and have different ecological profiles when it comes to energy transfer, limiting factors, and carrying capacity. The comparison reveals some surprising omissions and patterns; given what is known about the medicinal use of plants in islands of Southeast Asia from other sources. The Nuaulu's concept of their environment is not one of space in which they traverse, but more like a series of fixed points to which particular clans and individuals are interconnected. Logo for the Ethnobiology is the of the way living things are treated or used by different human cultures.
Our default model was the taxonomic system of ranks developed by Brent Berlin. He is influenced by 's energy capture theory. He has recently embarked on a series of major studies of indigenous knowledge and of the consequences of deforestation in parts of and in. Roy Ellen's research helps us understand the ways in which culture and nature are synergistic and important to human evolution. It has previously been suggested that diversity in design elements is deliberately cultivated as part of a general aesthetic, connecting individuality, personhood and effervescence as features of living entities.
Princeton University Press, New Jersey, universal theories of ethnobiological classification have provided an indispensable common rubric to compare data from diverse sources. The relations between non-basic categories; 5. © Society of Ethnobiology 2012. Roy currently edits the Berghahn series Studies in Environmental Anthropology and Ethnobiology on behalf of the. This article seeks to elucidate the form and function of decorative designs on Nuaulu parrying shields from Seram, Indonesia. While biodiversity loss is evident in the areas where the studies have been conducted, and this may impact some actual and more potential medicinal plants, it is less likely to erode core ethno pharmacopoeias. He was trained at the London School of Economics and at the University of Leiden.
She attempts to bridge the gap by examining them closely, then describing anthropological studies of classification, classification in its social context, anatomic classification and the semiotics of the body, the ethnology of a plant form, palms and the prototypicality of trees, the inedible and the uneatable, and the cognitive geometry of nature. Outsiders must begin to separate prejudices about our environment and we must apply formal knowledge to different situations. This monograph brings to completion a long-term study of the religious behaviour of the Nuaulu, a people of the island of Seram in the Indonesian province of Maluku. The debate was conducted at a time when the rules of Pleistocene geology and archaeological interpretation were being established, and it determined the limit of what was scientifically credible. A comparative review of the literature on other, mostly tropical ethnomycological classifications, is also included. In terms of debates around kinship in eastern Indonesia, this book argues that older notions of prescriptive social structure are fundamentally flawed. The report is set within the wider problem of understanding the differences and similarities between M.
. Ed 1988 Malinowski between two worlds: the Polish roots of an anthropological tradition. His findings have informed the studies of subsistence behaviours, the social impact of deforestation, inter- island trade and questions the relationship between nature and culture. He studied at the and Leiden and is most known for his extensive fieldwork in East Indonesia with the Nuaulu people of Seram. Porteres' and others work in economic biology. Throughout his career, Professor Ellen has had a continuous professional interest in the anthropology of the environment and in ethnobiology especially in relation to cultural cognition , and inaugurated the Kent teaching programmes in these subjects. The following is an edited version of the original interview.
Roy Ellen is Professor of Anthropology and Human Ecology at the University of Kent, a Fellow of The British Academy, and was president of the Royal Anthropological Institute between 2007 and 2011. Less is known about his anthropological work, though his accounts of the ethnography of the places he visited in his travels e. It considers definitions and variations, changing theoretical styles, swiddening as a cultural form, and how ecological composition interfaces with social dynamics. We conclude that the growth and dispersal of ceramic ovens were linked to changes in local trading patterns associated with the increase in the production of cloves, nutmeg and other commodities for European and Asian markets, and expansion along the Papuan coasts by Moluccan traders. Understanding Cultural Transmission in Anthropology: A Critical synthesis. He is a major figure in ethnobiology, the branch of anthropology that examines the social and cultural transformation of biological knowledge. Classifying 'eoliths': how cultural cognition featured in arguments surrounding claims for the earliest human artefacts as these developed between 1880 and 1900.
He was trained at the London School of Economics and at the University of Leiden. Results and conclusion Using language and pile-sorting data analysed through Principal Component Analysis, we show how both Zapotec and Cuicatec subjects place a particular emphasis on an intermediate level of classification. Using comparative work on the perception, engagement and management of biota amongst peoples living in varied environmental and social contexts, and recent theory in psychology, anthropology and ethnobiology, this paper offers a critical review of studies of biological knowledge systems as applied to our understanding of human evolution. However, given that my own work as an ethnobotanist has been much influenced by my training as an anthropologist, there may be merit in re-examining the 'economic' in economic botany from the standpoint of anthropology. The key issues explored in this book are the creation, erosion and transmission of ecological knowledge, and hybridization between traditional and scientifically-based knowledge, amongst populations facing environmental stress e. Internationally, Roy is a member of the Darrell Posey Awards Committee of the International Society of Ethnobiology, and Assistant Editor on the Wiley International Encyclopedia of Anthropology.