The question of how such informal learning can be accredited is another challenge, as is how to control and manage plagiarism, copyright and ownership issues rights enforcement vs. The procurement process for libraries certainly in the academic sphere has not been one that has traditionally explored innovative approaches — instead it has focused on relatively static and core specifications. Some research teams have made successful use of cloud-based services such as storage and computational systems, especially for short bursts of processing-intensive computing but others prefer to have the data, and the systems, close at hand. Indeed, there are open source systems such as , which were developed as an open source library system for a consortial approach. The Amazon example is an interesting one. See excellent recent post on this particularly thorny topic. Creative arts repositories have enabled not only contextual researchers, but importantly practitioner based researchers, to develop and make public portfolios of their work, thereby increasing access to, and understanding of, creative arts research, and raising its potential impact upon the wider world.
After Jon's overview, John Paschoud offered a more 'from the ground-up' vision entitled 'Never mind the Framework: Here's the real world'. We also know that at institutional level the requirements of government and funders are placing potentially significant financial costs on institutions which they are finding challenging to discharge in the present financial climate. In order to improve access to educational resources we need to create services that can accommodate dynamic resource descriptions from a range of sources rather than mausoleums of tombstone metadata. For each gem of a resource that a researcher discovers, there may be a dozen abandoned web pages, armies of half-read abstracts and false leads. On Monday this week the held a one-day workshop in London. The findings of this study are relevant to the community attending the conferences below hence the announcement.
Finally, Rachel Bruce outlined new funding within the area of repositories. Will they challenge the publishers? He explained that the e-Framework initiative aims to produce an evolving and sustainable, open standards based, service-oriented technical framework to support the education and research communities. However, has highlighted the barriers that pose serious challenges to institutions who wish to exploit the potential of ebooks and ebook technology. The roundtable heard how research teams have legitimate concerns about sharing sensitive data and storing it on shared systems. Descriptions may provide a wide range of additional information about a resource including information on how it may be used or repurposed. This is a meta-catalogue of cultural heritage collections from a range of Europe's leading galleries, libraries, archives and museums.
There now are a range of projects that have been developing and delivering shared infrastructure services to support people managing these repositories - such as , Open Access Repository Junction and. The challenges mobile technologies present to libraries are ones drenched in paradox. Leading experts in technology and higher education recently gathered at a Guardian roundtable to discuss the issue. There are a number of interesting examples where libraries and others have exploited these inherent benefits of mobile devices. Jisc proposes to work with these services over the next few months to identify a medium term strategy for each, and to support them thereafter, working in partnership where appropriate with others such as the Councils and Wellcome.
Neil highlighted the importance of collaboration and identified a wide range of collaborative partnerships critical to different preservation and curation research activities, and Heather Weaver spoke on the Research Councils' activities in supporting curation in research outputs. It allows for the appropriate creation, management and exploitation of information, resources and services to enable effective and high quality research and education. But I did see a trail of what looked like blood in the corridor outside the conference room! This explains how a blogger known as Derren used some astute guesswork and a unique key combination of two terms associated nowhere else on the web to monitor whether anyone else was coming close to guessing the identity of the anonymous call girl. These developments point at potentially more entrenched barriers to adoption. Im not sure how many parallels we can draw between the museum sector and the teaching and learning domain, however I liked the idea that users can generate living dynamic descriptions of resources which can complement more static œtombstone data. Our thanks to everyone and forgive me if I have missed anyone from the list! This is certainly something we have been aware of in the education domain for some time. Another focus was resources for learning and teaching.
The main issue for repository uptake is in uptake by researchers. In this breakout session the delegates reflected on some of the issues that were covered that day and they found useful. The Canadian philosopher of communication and media, Marshall McLuhan, famously argued: We see the world through a rear-view mirror. Rather than orchestrate business processes centrally, the services listen for events or notifications from other components and respond appropriately. John has already posted the raw list of issues on his and on.
The system must assign each item a unique url. Intermediates, librarians, learning technologists etc. A good place to start is by borrowing ideas from other domains, like software development and design. One approach to tracking Phil raised was the use of unique keys or tag combinations which are embedded in resources and then released into the wild. It is also looking at examples of informal, formal, library and classroom-based repositories. This current draft of the data model has been constructed under the requirements of being interoperable with as many of the products and services that have been identified in the supplier lots or elsewhere.
Negotiating as a group would remove the need for many of these checks, at least for more common services. Many universities, such as Portsmouth, have started to use commercial, off-the-shelf cloud services from organisations such as Microsoft, Amazon and Google. This requires the consortium to formally agree which processes, working practices and configurations will be adhered to by all members as a whole. Related to this is also the idea that open source is more sustainable: If a vendor goes out of business the software may disappear or be sold-on. One such barrier is the impact institutional and organisational procurement processes have on the decision making process This, it might be argued, is a barrier to the development and adoption of proprietary systems as much as it is to the adoption of open source.